Monthly Archives: April 2010

Wedding Plans

This year in addition to my normal Torah portion readings I’ve been trying to keep up with Tim Hegg’s weekly Torah commentary at www.torahresource.com. Mr. Hegg is a very gifted teacher that draws from a rich background of sources and always adds a grounded and unique perspective on the text and our faith. Hegg brought up an interesting metaphor for the Biblical Feasts, of which are included in this weeks Torah portion: Parashah 31 Emor (Speak) Leviticus 21:1-24:23.

Generally the Biblical Feasts are looked at as an individual and corporate picture of our salvation. Hegg suggested that the feast’s could also be looked at on a whole as a marriage picture between God and His bride. This was a very timely suggestion for myself as I just got back from a beautiful Hebraic country ranch wedding in Oklahoma this past weekend. Here are some comments taken from Hegg’s commentary below:

Pesach (Passover) – Redeeming the Bride

The first issue of marriage in the ancient world was redeeming the bride by paying the bride price. The heart and soul of Passover has to do with the blood of the Lamb that redeemed Israel to become the bride of the Lord.

Shavu’ot (Pentecost) – The Wedding Contract

The Torah was given to Israel at Sinai as a contract in the context of a love relationship between God and Israel. The Torah comes to the bride as a treasured token of the Groom’s fidelity and promise to maintain her. It also requires her faithfulness but promises enduring blessings and security within the marriage bond. The Holy Spirit was also given at this festival in Acts 2 and is described as a “pledge” in 2 Corinthians 1:22, 5:5 and Ephesians 1:14

Yom Teruah (Day of Trumpets) – A Call to Return – Repentance

The message of the Prophets is that the betrothal of Israel to the Lord was interrupted by her unfaithfulness. God in His mercy calls His bride back, though her sin is grievous He is willing to forgive and restore her but she must repent of her old ways.

Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) – Washing and Cleansing

The bride as she returns is tattered and torn and her garments are not white. The blood of the Lamb makes her garments clean again without spot or wrinkle or any such thing.

Sukkot (Tabernacles) – Dwelling Together

Pictures the bride and Groom dwelling together with unspeakable joy when the marriage is consummated. The seven day’s of Sukkot represent the “week” of world history with the seventh day being the “millenium rest”. The eighth day which is a part of Sukkot yet distinct represents our moving from His millenium reign directly into eternity with Him.

Hegg sums up with “our marriages should reflect this cycle of redemption, a cycle so profound and infinite that God developed the whole scheme of the ages around it. Surely when Paul labels this a “great mystery” (Ephesians 5:32) he spoke well.”

Shalom Aleichem!


JBOM: Visions of the Fathers – Part 1

JBOM stands for Jewish Book of the Month Club. This is a book club that was started last month by Messianic Rabbi Derek Leman www.derek4messiah.wordpress.com. The motivation behind starting this book club was to get a group together within the greater Body of Messiah reading, getting educated and sharing our thoughts on Jewish works with those who might not normally come in contact with such. Currently there is over a dozen blogger’s participating with a few congregations and many more individuals on board as well. The JBOM selection for April is Visions of the Fathers by Rabbi Abraham J. Twerski, M.D. Rabbi Twerski is a Torah Scholar as well as a Psychiatrist who has treated and helped thousands of those with substance abuse problems.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Visions of the Fathers is an insightful and challenging commentary on Pirkei Avos which is Hebrew for Ethics of the Fathers. Pirkei Avos is a 6 Chapter tractate found in the Mishnah which is traditionally read in the afternoon of the 6 Sabbath’s that fall between Passover and Shavuot (Pentecost) and is often continued throughout the summer months leading up to Rosh Hashanah.

Ethics, Integrity, Honesty, Doing the Right Thing are all synonymous with leading a life that is to be imitated. A life that is transparent and above reproach, consistent and genuine no matter what the setting and circumstance. Ethical matter’s affect the core of our relationships and how we treat our families, friends, employer’s, employee’s, customer’s and ourselves. We live in a day and age where society on every level seems to be rapidly declining when it comes to Ethics. You can read or watch any news report and everyday you will find a plethora of stories having to do with dishonesty and corruption in Government, Law Enforcement, Corporations, Non-Profits and probably the most important bed-rock of them all, our Families. Ethical matter’s are probably something that you run into everyday no matter what kind of work you’re in. I’m in the financial industry and I’m face to face with poor ethics constantly. In America alone, where poll after poll indicates that we are a 85-90% Christian Nation who claims to be follower’s of Christ and the Bible, how is it we have gotten so far off track?

Why do we have such a problem with just Doing the Right Thing?

Why is it so hard to admit mistakes and repent?

Is Ethical Behavior dependent upon Divine Authority?

Should we have recourse to God for Ethical Behavior? 

I personally believe it is the parents (myself included) and church body (elders and laymen alike) who have failed as a whole in teaching and transmitting the Truth and immutability of God’s ways and instructions as found in the whole of Scripture to the next generation. This must change, and it will take more than just believing in God and the Bible to make it effectual for our children and those whom we have relationships with. It will only come by God through the power of His Spirit transforming our hearts and minds through prayer, repentance and knowledge that leads to right action. As believer’s we are called to communicate Who He Is to the world and be accurate reflections of Him who is our identity. May God help us all in this magnificent calling.

Visions of the Fathers

I really enjoyed and found much practicality in reading the first chapter of Pirkei Avos with Rabbi Twerski’s commentary. I plan at some point to post the significant amount of parallels between these texts and the Apostolic Scriptures (New Testament). You might pick up on some of these below.  Here are some of my takeaway’s from Chapter One:

Be deliberate in judgment – Deliberation requires time as well as effort. Don’t be hasty in rendering a decision but don’t lend yourself to procrastination either. It is to our own advantage to be patient and cautious in making decisions that may affect other’s. God may give us the opportunity to pass judgment on ourselves.

The world is based on three things; Torah, Service to God and Acts of Loving-Kindness – There are three essential human relationships: man with God, man with fellow-man, and man with himself. The Divine service binds man to God, acts of loving-kindness bind man to his fellow-man and Torah enables man to relate to himself.

Love work; despise positions of power – One of the defense mechanisms which people with feelings of low self-esteem employ is to try to control other’s. Exercising authority over others seems to soothe their feelings of inadequacy and inferiority. There is certainly a need for authority, but not as a method of power-crazed mastery. A benign ruler looks out for the interests of his subjects, whereas a malignant ruler may crush his subjects in order to feed his pathological ego needs.

Loving people and bringing them closer to the Torah – It is of great importance to be an integral part of the community and share in its burdens. Every person should feel a sense of responsibility for everything that happens in the community and not think that his behavior affects no one but himself.

He who seeks renown loses his reputation – Too often we are unaware of God’s presence. If only people knew when they were in God’s presence they wouldn’t pay so much attention to themselves.

He who does not increase (his Torah learning (In this sense I would take it to mean the whole of Scripture)) decreases it – Man is unique, in that although his physical growth stops at early adulthood, he can continue to grow and advance himself spiritually throughout his entire lifetime. If a person stops growing spiritually, he fails to exercise that singular trait that is his identity.

If I am not for myself, who will be for me? And if I am for myself, what am I? – “I” is the ego that stands as a barrier between man and God. If a person is aware of his ego, he is not in optimum spiritual health. Physically, we are generally not conscious of our eyes, throat, or ears, unless they are diseased and we feel the pain. Similarly, a spiritually healthy person doesn’t go around with a consciousness of himself. Self-consciousness indicates that something is not it order spiritually.

Make your Torah (Bible study) a fixed practice – The study of Torah must come first, and everything else should fit within that framework. If this priority is observed, one will find more time for Torah study than if one squeezes Torah study into a busy schedule.

And I found nothing better for the body than silence; it is not the theory that is of primary importance, but the action; and one who talks excessively brings on sin – We may suffer great physical discomfort and depression because of excessive and unwise speech. Caustic comments may not leave black and blue marks, but they can bruise even more than physical blows. On the other hand, Husbands who assist their wives with the housework and the care of the children are showing their affection much more than by just mouthing sweet words. Parents who act in a manner from which their children can learn by example are conveying far more effective teaching than by lecturing them.

The world endures on three things; law, truth and peace – God’s Shalom is the most important ingredient for a society’s existence. Shalom (peace) that is without truth and law is not constructive and must be qualified. Rabbi Twerski relates this story “A tourist who visited a zoo in Communist Russia was told, “See, we have already reached the Messianic Era,” and he showed him that a lion and a lamb shared the same cage. The visitor was duly impressed and expressed his surprise to a local citizen, who whispered in his ear, “Sure, but every day they give the lion a fresh lamb.” That is not the kind of peace promised for the Messianic Era. May He come speedily to establish it in our day’s.

Visions of the Fathers Part 2 coming soon (hopefully by month end).

Shalom Aleichem!


For Signs and Seasons

Genesis 1:14-19   And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years,and let them be lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth.” And it was so. And God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars. And God set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.

I have been listening to a teaching series in my truck on the first four chapters of B’resheet (Genesis) by Brad Scott of Wildbranch Ministry www.wildbranch.org. Brad has been teaching the Scriptures and the Hebrew Language for 25+ years.  Brad had some interesting insights about the stars and constellations that I had never heard of before. When he came to the verses above he said that the primary Hebrew word for sign is “ot” (alef and Tav). He also said that “ot” can also be translated as “miracle” or “communicate/communication”. He gave some biblical examples of this word being used as in “Cain’s sign” “Virgin Birth” and “Sign of Jonah/Son of Man” and of course the Sun, Moon and Stars. 

Brad related that the ancient sages of Israel thought the world was created on the First of Tishri, which is called Yom Teruah biblically (also the time a King was coronated and begin his reign in biblical Israel) and celebrated today as Rosh Hoshana (the civil or judicial New Year on the Jewish Calender). One reason for the sage’s thinking this was the day the Earth was created is that if you transpose the Hebrew word B’resheet (which means In the Beginning) you get “on the first of Tishri”. Another interesting point he made had to do with the 12 constellations, and their assignment to the months in the Hebraic calendar. On a side note, these constellations and their signs have been perverted throughout the age’s and are included in all sorts of false Un-Biblical teachings, use discernment. Nevertheless, these constellations are real constellations and their names are almost as ancient as the constellations themselves (For example see JOB 9:9-10 and 38:31-33).

Brad asked why the month of September (sept meaning seven) was the ninth month? Why October (oct meaning eight) was the tenth month? Why December (dec meaning ten) was the twelfth month, ect, ect? 

Brad said that the signs in the Heavens are set with the biblical civil calendar (He also talked about the biblical festival or liturgical calendar which begins with the month of Aviv/Nissan, but that would be a whole other post). When you start with Tishri, which is the first month of the Hebraic civil/judicial calendar (usually falls in September) the first sign or constellation is Virgo – The Virgin (alluding to the virgin birth) and when you come to the twelfth month (usually August) you end with Leo – The Lion (alluding to the Lion of Judah). He had much more to say on this subject but that is the brevity of it. I don’t know what you can do with this info, but I thought it was interesting and another example of how Awesome our God is!

Shalom Aleichem!


Abide

Here are my notes and reflection from The Village Church sermon given on April 11, 2010 by Josh Patterson. Listen at www.thevillagechurch.net

 

Primary Text: John 15:1-9

1 “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. 2 Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, that it may bear more fruit. 3 Already you are clean because of the word that I have spoken to you. 4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me. 5 I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing. 6 If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned. 7 If you abide in me, and my words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. 8 By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples. 9 As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Abide in my love.

 

For the most part this was a good and challenging sermon about remaining in Jesus through repentance, prayer and obedience to his word. The message revolved around measuring success according to our Western view of it and how this should be contrasted if we are doing anything that might be considered culturally successful but doing it apart from remaining in Jesus and for God’s glory. What really hit a nerve with me though was a subtle, though probably not intended view and example of Replacement Theology or SuperSessionism (This is a misguided doctrine that has prevailed in the mainstream church for centuries and basically say’s that the New has replaced the Old and it usually pertains to The Church/Israel, New Covenant/Old Covenant, Grace/Law, ect).

In commenting on Jesus being the true vine, Pastor Josh said “What Israel was meant to be in its fullness, completeness and genuine trueness is what Jesus is (on this I say Amen! see below)”. Then Josh goes on to say that “Jesus has come to replace what was (Israel as the vine) and no longer is Israel God’s planting, but Jesus is God’s planting”. I talked these comments over with my home group and asked them how they took it? Out of 8 of us, 5 didn’t really remember it being said, 1 did but didn’t think much of it and the other took it to mean that (I paraphrase) “Since the majority of the passages in Scripture that speak of Israel being the vine and God’s planting have to deal with judgment, Jesus has replaced or supplanted Israel in the sense of taking on God’s judgment that should have been assigned to her and in fact all of us”. I thought this was an interesting and biblically sound interpretation of the comments made above that I had not considered. I was encouraged to go back to review the comments again online from this new perspective and see if maybe I heard it wrong the first time. After reviewing the context and comments again I still feel like my original interpretation of how it was presented fit best. I have since reached out to Pastor Josh to get clarity on what he meant since I or anyone else can only speculate based on our personal views. I will update this post when I receive that communication back. [See below, I have posted Josh’s reply at the bottom of my original post. ]

I believe the latter part of this statement could and should have been better thought through, clarified,  and relayed to the congregation (approx. 4,000-5,000 every weekend and many more through the web). I am self admitidly sensitive to this short of thing (Church/Israel or Jewish relations) especially when you look at the historical facts of church history where you have anti-semitic church canon law that has been passed and accepted over the last two thousand years that has led to some rather horrific outcomes and relations.

Rather than replacing Israel as the vine, Jesus is the most accurate expression as an individual for what God has called Israel to be corporately, as a nation. Israel will realize its fullest potential through the example and identification with her Messiah. How could Jesus replace something he is apart of? For He is the Messiah of Israel, the King of Israel, the Mighty One of Israel, the Holy One of Israel and the God of Israel. Israel is still God’s planting (this point is made clear in Romans 9-11) and the Messiah of Israel identifies with her and she will eventually in fullness through him. Some of the verses below highlight some of the similar language used in the text from John, including the vine, planting and glory. These texts will have their ultimate fulfillment in the age to come when God’s Kingdom is consummated here on earth.

Psalm 80:14-15  Turn again, O God of hosts! Look down from heaven, and see; have regard for this vine, the stock that your right hand planted, and for the son whom you made strong for yourself.

Isaiah 60:21  Your people (Israel) shall all be righteous; they shall possess the land forever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I might be glorified.

Isaiah 61:3  to grant to those who mourn in Zion—to give them a beautiful headdress instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, the garment of praise instead of a faint spirit; that they may be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he may be glorified.

Jeremiah 31:35-37  Thus says the Lord, who gives the sun for light by day and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar—the Lord of hosts is his name: “If this fixed order departs from before me, declares the Lord, then shall the offspring of Israel cease from being a nation before me forever.” Thus says the Lord: “If the heavens above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth below can be explored, then I will cast off all the offspring of Israel for all that they have done, declares the Lord.”

Shalom Aleichem!

———————–

Justin—

Thank you for the email and patience in my reply.  I have read your post several times and sought the counsel of a trusted friend regarding my comments about Jesus replacing Israel as God’s planting.  I have also sent a copy of my response to the elders for further accountability.  I always want to be true to the text and faithful to preach the Word.  If I err in any way in that, then I desire to be shown this. So, was I promulgating a view of replacement theology (or supersessionism)?  The teaching of replacement theology is better understood on a continuum rather than one extreme or the other.  Yes, there is an aspect of Jesus coming to replace (I would also use the word “fulfill” here) what was.  We would be hard-pressed to be faithful to the text and think otherwise.  The gospels perpetuate a self-conscious change from the old covenant to the new.  The image of the vine in John 15 demonstrates that Israel gives way to Jesus; He is the True Vine.  In the OT the imagery of the vine is a common symbol for Israel, the covenant people of God (Psalm 80, Isaiah 5, Jeremiah 2, Ezekiel 15, Hosea 10).  When ethnic Israel is referred to as the “vine” it is used to show their failure to produce good fruit and subsequent judgment.  In contrast to this, Jesus proclaims that He is the “True Vine”.  Israel is pointing to Jesus, the One who will be a fruitful Vine.  Jesus also does this with the temple, the Jewish feasts, Moses and holy sites.  In John 15 he is saying that the locus of God’s people is no longer ethnic/historic Israel; rather the locus of God’s people is now in Jesus Christ.   I agree with your statement that “Jesus is the most accurate expression as an individual for what God has called Israel to be corporately, as a nation.  Israel will realize its fullest potential through the example and identification with her Messiah.” 

In an effort to further clarify, I do not think that God is done with ethnic/historic Israel.  I do not believe she is an abandoned nation.  In no way was my statement in the sermon (or in this email ) meant to be anti-Semitic or perpetuate an anti-Semitic stand of teaching.

 I mentioned above that the idea of replacement theology is better understood on a continuum.  There is an aspect of continuity and discontinuity in God’s redemptive history.  At one extreme of this teaching Jesus has completely replaced Israel and God is done with her (all discontinuity, no continuity).  At the other extreme Jesus is simply showing how Israel should live out the law  (all continuity and no discontinuity).  Both extremes are dangerous.  If you personally understand the scriptures to teach that it is all continuity and no discontinuity, then I believe you are off in your understanding of scripture.  I don’t want to presume this on you, but I am curious where you would land on this.  Again, there is real danger on either extreme and the pull can be subtle.

At the end of the day, my sermon was not about replacement theology.  It was about abiding in the Vine.  It was about a life of desperate dependence on the Savior.  Any other life is vain, empty and fruitless.  I hope we would both remain in the Vine.

jp


Leap of Faith, Literally

I picked up our local towns newspaper yesterday and read the front page cover story from this past weekend. It was about an 18 wheeler that had wrecked, burst into flames and almost plunged off of the I-35/121 freeway overpass last Thursday. I was especially interested in this story because the accident happened about a mile from my office and during that afternoon we had many customer’s come in and tell us something big had happened and we could see various helicopters hovering overhead. I had also been affected in a real way by getting caught up in the divergent freeway traffic as I left the office late that evening. I found this story to be much more interesting and ironic once I read that the driver of the 18 wheeler had leaped out of the vehicle in fear that it was about to topple over onto the freeway from the overpass, the name of the trucking company he worked for; Leap of Faith Transportation. I know coincidence is not a kosher word for many, but this was a good piece of irony. Best of all is that out of the three vehicles involved the accident, nobody was injured. Baruch HaShem!


JBOM: JPS Haggadah Commentary – Notes and Comments Part 6

This is my sixth and final installment for the JPS Haggadah Commentary. This book was the first selection of the newly formed Jewish Book of the Month Club by Derek Lemen www.derek4messiah.wordpress.com in March. As you know we are now almost a week into April and I just finished this book today “Praise God!” on the last day of Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover). I’ve got some catching up do to for April’s book selection Visions of the Father’s by Rabbi Abraham Twerski M.D. Lord willing I will be able to start this book tomorrow. As for the JPS Haggadah Commentary, all in all I learned a lot about the Passover Seder and it’s text’s and will continue to utilize this resource for sure in the future. As has been stated on other JBOM blog’s, I agree that this resource will probably get better with time and become more and more relevant and insightful before and after each year’s seder. With that said, here are some notes and comments picking up where I left off from the last post.

The Rituals of the Meal

Rabbi Hillel who was one of the most prominent rabbi’s around the time Yeshua was born enacted a custom of eating a sandwich of matzah and maror to fulfill the commandment “They shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs” Numbers 9:11 according to the Babylonian Talmud.

Perhaps the Egg that is found on most traditional seder plates and often discouraged in some Messianic circles has a historical background that includes egg as a primary protein and main dish during Roman times as well as a commemoration of the Hagigah sacrifice, which explains it being roasted.

The earliest unit of after dinner songs is the Hallel which means Praise and consists in full Psalms 113-118 and Psalm 136.

I found great humor and possibly the most enjoyable part of the book when Tabory started to discuss the various after dinner songs that have become custom in some haggadot and communities. In relation to the song Ehad Mi Yode’a Tabory gives  an example of the riddle style as redacted in an ancient midrash “What is ‘nine go out; eight go in; two pour; one drinks; twenty-four serve?” “nine months of pregnancy, eight days until circumcision, two breasts give milk, one child drinks for twenty-four months”. Another interesting midrash he related to help explain the song Chad Gadya was that Nimrod asked Abraham to worship fire, Abraham replied that water is stronger than fire for it extinguishes fire [so why not worship water?]. Nimrod was agreeable and suggested that they should worship water. Abraham responded that [maybe we should worship] clouds since they contained the water or wind because it moves the clouds or humans because they contain the wind (a play on words in Hebrew for the spirit). At this point Nimrod lost his patience and tied to show Abraham the power of fire by throwing him into the fire (Bereshit Rabbah 38:28). I’m becoming a fan on these midrashic stories as they are usually very thought-provoking and entertaining :-). The last two sections of the book contains the most universal haggadah text along with Tabory’s commentary which I found was very insightful and plan to dig further into next year, along with some really cool pictures and texts of various haggadot spanning the last 400 years of history.

I hope you had a blessed festival and I look forward to getting into this month’s book Visions of the Father’s ASAP!

Shalom Aleichem!


Meal of Messiah: The Wedding Supper of the Lamb

Isaiah 25:6 On this mountain the Lord of hosts will make for all peoples a feast of rich food, a feast of well-aged wine, of rich food full of marrow, of aged wine well refined.

Our family along with a close friend who is also a neighbor celebrated the Meal of Messiah seder last night for the first time. First let me say “hats off” to the team at First Fruits of Zion www.ffoz.org for putting together such a well designed and easy to follow text to accompany this meal. The Meal of Messiah haggadah includes a great introduction that sets the stage and gives some historical background to this meal and it’s customs. The seder text itself was laid out very well with concise and distinct font in Hebrew and English with textual references and relevent pictures for enhancement. I especially appreciated the diversity of the texts chosen from Biblical to Midrashic to Early Century Church Father’s. All of the haggadah texts were biblical in nature and from my estimation approximately 75% were direct scripture quotations. We also made use and found great joy in the Meal of Messiah music recording that was produced to accompany this text. For those who are unfamiliar with this custom, the Meal of Messiah has been celebrated by some Chasidic Jews for hundreds of years on the 7th day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) as a festive meal that anticipates the coming of the Messiah and the great Messianic banquet that follows. As believer’s in Yeshua we know this feast as “the marriage supper of the Lamb” Revelation 19:19. The Meal of Messiah mirrors the Passover Seder from the 1st night of Passover and is loosely based on the 4 cups of wine and matzah from the Passover Seder. The four cups at Meal of Messiah remember the Messiah’s Last Cup from his Last Seder, the cup of Espousal which remembers the parting and baptism of Israel in the Red Sea along with the water to wine miracle at the wedding in Cana, the cup of Benediction follows the traditional Grace after Meals, and the cup of Jerusalem looks forward to when Jerusalem will welcome King Messiah Yeshua and He will usher us in through her gates and the voice of the bride and the bridegroom will be at its highest joyousness in the city of God. The matzah is taken in remembrance of Messiah at his Last Seder and after He had risen broke bread on the Road to Emmaus. This meal and the texts that go along with it are covenantial in nature and should cause one to think and dwell deeply and have a longing for that Great Day. As an aside it was recommended that this meal be served with fish in the afternoon of the 7th day of Unleavened Bread to close out the festival. It has been traditional that the Chasidim who celebrate the Meal of Messiah hold it as a 3rd meal that mirrors the 3rd meal which ends the Sabbath. The fish is recommended based on the fact that fish played such a prominent role in the Gospels and meals after the Messiah had been Resurrected as well as speculation by the sages that the great fish Leviathan would be served at the Messianic Banquet. We we’re unaware of these recommendations until after we had already prepped to have our meal on the evening of the 7th day with pot roast. After thinking through and studying the Meal of Messiah history and background we felt just as relevent in keeping the meal as a mirror of the 1st day Seder which is on the evening of the 1st day and ushers in the festival along with the Erev Shabbat meal which ushers in the Sabbath. As for the pot roast, that was also made relevent by the fact that the sages speculate that Behemoth (a giant ox) will also be served at this meal and perhaps the “rich food full of marrow” that Isaiah refers to is this meat as well. Lord willing, we plan to share and celebrate this Meal of Messiah with more family and friends next year and hope to be able to “recline at the table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob” Matthew 8:11 at the true Meal of Messiah in the Kingdom soon.

Maran Etha! Our Master is Coming!